Old Seeds? Test for Germination First

Germination test for old seeds

These cosmos seeds were packed for 2011, so I want to test them. I’ll fold up the moist paper towel and slip this into the plastic bag. The whole thing goes on top of my refrigerator to encourage germination. The seed packet says to expect germination in 7 to 10 days. If results are good, I’ll plant the rest of the packet in soil.

I hung the packet on my desk lamp to take advantage of the warmth. Within a week, I saw 50 percent of the seeds germinate. By two weeks, 90 percent had germinated. Good seeds! I’ll plant the rest in soil.

Last week, I got an e-mail from Jeff, who works in our customer contact center: “I had a seedstarting failure this season. I used some older seeds (2008-ish) and placed the seed tray by a cool window to germinate. Cheap and stupid right? I am getting zero sprouts on day six. What would you recommend?”

I hear this question a lot at this time of year. What to do? Test a few of the seeds to see what you’ve got. If you get decent results in a germination test, it’s worth planting. If not, compost the old seeds.

The first step is to put 10 seeds in a damp paper towel and nestle it in a plastic bag for a few days — preferably in a spot that’s about 70 degrees F. — or warmer.

Most seed packets will tell you “days to germination.” After the expected number of days have passed, check to see how many sprout. If you get more than 50 percent germination, you might want to give it try, planting two or three seeds to a cell. If nothing sprouts, all you’ve lost is a paper towel and 5 minutes.

Some types of seed are good for four to five years, but others are more perishable.




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Random Acts of Gardening — in the Woods

Practice random acts of gardening bumper sticker

Last week, I found myself looking out the window and watching it snow in mid-April. I began to think about these bumper stickers we have that say “Practice Random Acts of Gardening.” I was trying to think, what would be a random act of gardening — even if I could not be in the garden yet?

The perfect solution came to me. Recently I had been looking at our PatioArt Planter Slipcovers. Even though it’s too early for gardening here in Vermont, it is the end of the maple-sugaring season. I thought, “I bet the slipcovers would cover a sap bucket!”

Sap buckets and slipcovers

It just happened that one of my co-workers was going to be boiling sap to make maple syrup. I went to his property and followed through on my random act of “gardening.” I covered his sap buckets with the covers and brought some new life into the woods! The result:

Sap buckets with slipcovers

What do you think? What other random acts could we have done with these slipcovers? I hear some employees have found the larger sizes make an interesting skirt!

Chip Fiess works in e-commerce at Gardeners Supply and grows a small garden off the deck of his condo. He wants to inspire a new generation of gardeners to get dirty, have fun and grow food!
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Guerrilla Gardeners Plant the Seeds of Change

Los Angeles Guerrilla Gardening

LA Guerrilla Gardeners removed trash, weeds and dead plants from this median strip and installed new plants. Their signature “Please Water Me!” sign asks passersby to help with upkeep.

After LA Guerrilla Gardeners planted the “Spaceland” garden, below, the city installed a wheelchair ramp to make the sidewalk more accessible.

LA Guerrilla Gardeners volunteers are as young as 2 and as old as 85.

Armed with shovels, seeds, plants, watering cans and compost, guerrilla gardeners are transforming ugly, underutilized or abandoned public land overnight — without permission. City-dwellers have seen flowers, herbs and shrubs spring up on neglected medians, in abandoned lots and beside previously trash-strewn sidewalks.

Defined as “the illicit cultivation of someone else’s land” by Richard Reynolds, the modern-day spokesman for the worldwide movement, guerrilla gardening is happening in cities everywhere. Reynolds, who lives in the U.K., began planting and tending flowerbeds, borders and entire gardens in 2004 in what he describes as London’s orphaned land. “I’ve either done or helped organize about 70 different guerrilla gardens, from a little tree pit or patch of bulbs, to a roundabout,” says Reynolds.

The London lavender field is the one I’m most proud of,” says Reynolds, “because it’s big, beautiful, long-lived, looks good all year around, produces a crop of fund-raising lavender, is nature-friendly, and looks quite unlike other London traffic islands.” Each August, Reynolds and volunteers harvest dried lavender from the field and use it to create fragrant, handmade pillows, which are sold on his guerrillagardening.org blog. All the proceeds help fund new and existing guerrilla gardening projects in London.

In the U.S., guerrilla gardening has been active since the 1970s, when New York City’s “Green Guerillas” began to cultivate fenced-off land by tossing in tomato seeds contained within rudimentary “seed bombs.” The group remains active today as a nonprofit resource center for community gardeners.

Los Angeles Guerrilla Gardening (LAGG) started in Hollywood, CA., on a summer night in 2008. Today its troop of volunteers, who organize online and use aliases for fun, maintains more than 20 gardens they have installed during “digs” all over metro Los Angeles.

The city has taken notice of their stealth plantings — particularly in areas with high pedestrian traffic, say LAGG’s co-leaders, known as Mr. Stamen and Roly Poly. “The best example is our Wilton and Sunset garden in Hollywood,” says Roly Poly. “After we put in a garden and cut back some low-hanging trees, not only did people start walking more through the area, the city actually started taking responsibility and doing a much better job of keeping the trees cut back.” Mr. Stamen adds, “Even more recently, at Valencia and 8th, there was a garden that we started. Now the city is in the middle of putting a pocket park there.”

A troop of LA Guerrilla Gardeners takes a break during a nighttime dig.

Join our Sunflower Strike Force

Sunflower Strike Force

Feeling rebellious? Tell us about your plans to plant sunflowers in an unexpected place, and you could win free sunflower seeds from Gardener’s Supply Company!

Every guerrilla garden, no matter its size or location, makes a positive impression. Reynolds says the most powerful projects are “ones to which a gardener obsessively commits, and returns and improves. The gardener grows in confidence so the garden grows in impact.” He adds, “As the gardener is out there more often, word gets round and it is appreciated and potentially inspires others.”

Reynolds also believes guerrilla gardening can stretch beyond city lines to small towns and rural areas. “There’s always a patch of ground where a gardener can see more potential than whoever looks after it, and has the inclination to do it,” he says.

Though guerrilla gardening can be considered trespassing and/or vandalism, those who do it feel the positive environmental and social effects are well worth the risk. “Each garden we plant hopefully inspires someone to start their own garden or even to just plant a seed somewhere,” says Mr. Stamen. “Every little bit helps.”

Aimee Diehl writes from her home in rural Cornwall, VT, where she lives with her husband, two daughters, and a dog.
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Snow Days are Good Days for the Garden Designer

2x8 Elevated Cedar Raised Bed

Ellen Ecker Ogden’s design in progress, top, for the 2×8 Elevated Cedar Raised Bed, below, which features flowers. Ogden’s design, A Paint Box Garden of Edible Plants, features vegetables.

If you’re a garden designer in Vermont, what do you do in the winter? If you’re creative, you design!

Ellen Ecker Ogden, who created two designs for our Elevated Raised Beds, often uses rugs and carpets before refining the design with paper and pencil. While working on the designs, she sent this photo of the concept for the 2×8 Elevated Cedar Raised Bed:

“I thought you might be amused to see how I design indoors, using my rugs as pretend gardens,” she says. “I drop mittens, hats and pillows in the place of plants visualize the proper spacing. It is a little quirky, but it works!”

If the rug is not the right size, she uses masking tape to create raised bed borders. “Pillows work better than hats and mittens, since they are a more consistent shape.”

To see the results of her creative process, check the article, Planting Plans for the Elevated Cedar Raised Beds.

The Complete Kitchen Garden by Ellen Ecker Ogden

Ellen Ecker Ogden, is the author of five books, including From the Cook’s Garden, based on the catalog she co-founded in Vermont, and The Complete Kitchen Garden, which features theme designs for cooks who love to garden. Her kitchen garden and articles have been featured in national magazines including Eating Well, Horticulture, The Boston Globe, Country Gardens and Martha Stewart Living.

She is dedicated to growing ornamental edibles and has been a guest chef on PBS’s Victory Garden, and HGTV’s Garden Smarts, where she is known as the “baroness of basil.” She combines her love of good food with a background in fine art to create kitchen garden designs that turn work into play.

Ellen Ecker Ogden

Vermont Seminar

Ogden will present a seminar on kitchen garden design, “The Art of Growing Food”, at 9:30 a.m. April 13, at our Burlington, VT, garden center. Topics include building paths, adding personality, garden tools, organic methods, and integrating flowers, herbs and vegetables. For details, see the 2013 seminars page.





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Lawn Makes Way for Kitchen Garden

Raised bed kitchen garden

Donna Avery created a kitchen garden, using our Colorful Grow Beds, shown right after planting in January.

On March 7, Donna Avery shared the photo, above, on our Facebook page. Within hours, people were asking questions and raving about Donna’s project. We asked her if she’d tell a little more about the garden, and she did:

What inspired you to plant this garden? My handyman and I came up with the garden plan together, But it was your beautiful blue beds that were the inspiration for this project. Most of the time I do the work myself but this job was too big for me. The area is framed with non-pressure-treated wood. Even though the wood would never touch the beds I felt the garden would not be truly organic with pressure-treated wood anywhere in the garden. After the framing was done, gravel was put in and the beds and liners were installed. The last step was a layer of decomposed granite.

Where does garden fit into your landscape? The area I used was just a part of my lawn. If I have my way I will replace the whole lawn with blue garden beds in the next year. So please, don’t stop selling them!

When did you start? The garden was built in January. Thank God for our beautiful southern California weather. I live in Sunset garden zone 18, in the San Fernando Valley.

Any lessons learned? Things you’d have done differently? The only thing I could think of is I should of gone bigger! But I needed to save some money for the 18 new fruit trees I planted last month. I now have 35 dwarf fruit trees in my yard in large pots.


What about the white fencing? Decorative or functional? The fencing was for one reason, and her name is Piper, my 3-pound (at the time) black poodle mix puppy. As soon as I put the fencing in and planted my strawberry plants, Piper stuck her head through the fence pulled out one of the plants and ran like hell! Well at least she stopped jumping in the beds. My animals are one of the reasons I have only edible plants in my garden.

What have you planted? I planted tomatoes, peppers, carrots, radishes, lettuce, celery, spinach, cucumber, zucchini, Swiss chard, basil, beans, eggplant and edible flowers on the edges of the beds. I start planting in Jan. I know I am taking a chance planting so early, but for the last few years it has paid off, and I have tomatoes until October! Now that I have the beds I plan to try some winter planting. 

How do you plan to keep it watered? I love to water! It is calming and I do my best thinking when I am watering. I did buy a soaker system and may use it when I am away.

Before: The raised beds took the place of this grassy area.

After: A kitchen garden, made with four 3×6 Grow Beds and two 3×3 Grow Beds

How much soil? Use the Soil Calculator to determine quantities and get the “recipe” for a good planting mix.

This was an idea that came out even better than I had envisioned. The nasturtiums climb all around the bench.

Support cages are in place, ready to hold the first crop of peppers.





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What Sets the Orchid Apart from Other Flowers?

Cymbidium Half Moon ‘Wonderland’

“What makes this plant an orchid and not a turnip?” asks Steve Robinson, enticing visitors like me to stop and chat with him at an exhibit of Latin American orchids. Robinson, a docent at the Smithsonian National Museum of Natural History, carefully shows me the back of an orchid flower, indicating the colorful sepals. “Only an orchid has three sepals that resemble petals, two true petals and one labellum, or lip.” The structurally complex and wildly colored flowers of orchid-family plants have intrigued botanists, collectors and breeders for hundreds of years.

Turnip flower

A turnip flower

A turnip, in contrast, bears simple cross-shaped flowers with four equally sized petals. Turn the flower over and you’ll see four plain green sepals. Kind of ho-hum in the flower world.

If you’re lucky enough to visit Washington, D.C., during cherry blossom season, the “Orchids of Latin America” exhibit is worth a visit. Not only is it a feast for the eyes, it also reveals the role that orchids play in the biodiversity of their native habitats, from Mexico to Chile. The show continues through April 21.

Here are photos of just a few of the incredible orchids I saw. To learn more about the exhibit, visit Orchids of Latin America. Oh, and if Steve Robinson poses the orchid/turnip question, now you can answer him: It’s all about the unique shapes of the flowers.

Psychopsis ‘Mariposa Mountain’

garden party orchid

Ansellia africana ‘Garden Party’

Fancy angel orchid

Dendrobium Fancy Angel ‘Lycee’

Marl's glory orchid

Brassocattleya Marl’s Glory

Snowdrop orchid

Cattleya Circassian Beauty ‘Snowdrop’

Cattleya lueddemanniana orchid

Cattleya lueddemanniana ‘Clarines’ x ‘Morena’

Ludisia discolor orchid

Ludisia discolor

Angel smile kibi orchid

Dendrobium Angel Smile ‘Kibi’

Lovely moon crescent orchid

Cymbidium Lovely Moon ‘Crescent’

Tigersette wyld court orchid

Oncidium Tigersette ‘Wyld Court’

Flower song spring dance orchid

Cymbidium Flower Song ‘Spring Dance’

Hoku gem freckles orchid

Brassocattleya Hoku Gem ‘Freckles’

Betsy Raper orchid

Paphiopedilum Betsy Raper x Compton ‘Chilton’

Peter Black emerald orchid

Paphiopedilum Peter Black ‘Emerald’

Enzan stream amir orchid

Cymbidium Enzan Stream ‘Amir’

Dendrobium nobile hybrid orchid

Dendrobium nobile hybrid




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Microgreens: A Taste of Spring

From Seed to Harvest in 23 Days

I’m still waiting for spring. Waiting — impatiently — to get out there and garden. But no matter the weather, you can grow and harvest a crop of microgreens just a few weeks. Kind of takes the edge off.

Spring is coming. It’s so close, I can taste it.

For more information, read the article, How to Grow Microgreens. It includes a slideshow that explains each step.




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Custom Garden Clothes: It’s About Bloomin’ Time!

Zephyr Summer Shirt

Zephyr Summer Shirt: Our new gardening clothing feels breezy and cool. Special fabric fends off the sun.

Buff Bandana

Buff Bandana: This versatile piece of garden wear is made of stretchy, stylish fabric that can be fashioned into a headband, bandana, scarf, cap or sweatband.

We’re proud to introduce our new line of hard-working, easy-wearing gardening clothes for women.

Finally, enjoy the freedom to do what you love in feel-good garden wear that moves with you. With plentiful pockets and clever coverage, they’ll prevent accidental “over-exposure” when you bend and reach. And, thanks to our flattering fit, you’ll look fabulous in the only clothing designed by Gardener’s for gardeners.

Be among the first to see the full lineup of garden clothing and garden gear in our Gardener’s Apparel department.





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5 Favorite Rhubarb Recipes

Jonathan Stevens, rhubarb lover and author of the blog Real Men Sow.

Want to grow your own? Read the article How to Grow Rhubarb. Want to buy some? We sell a variety called Chipman’s Canada Red, hardy in USDA zones 3-8.

Recently, we’ve seen a lot of interest in growing rhubarb. It has to be one of the easiest crops to grow. A happy plant will produce for decades. Grow rhubarb in full sun, in rich, lightly moist soil. In hot regions, plant rhubarb where it will get some protection from hot afternoon sun. Rhubarb will not thrive in soggy soil, where it will be susceptible to root rot, one of the few problems a rhubarb grower can encounter. If your soil is heavy and wet, raised beds are a good option.

For many, the hard part is not growing it, but what to do with the harvest. For ideas, we turned to a gardener from England, where rhubarb is revered. Jonathan Stevens, author of Real Men Sow, a Cheery Allotment Blog, shared this with us:

If I could only grow one fruit or veg, then rhubarb would be a contender. I adore the pinky green sticks. This might be thanks to my mum, who has been dividing and dividing her rhubarb plants for nearly 30 years. I quite literally grew up with her rhubarb patch.

I bounce off the walls for the first harvest, and not just because of the deliciously sweet taste. For me, rhubarb is symbolic of a new season, and really gets my juices going for the coming summer months.

I love snapping a stem in half and sucking up the syrupy scent almost as much as I do eating the ‘barb. But not quite.

Here are my favourite 5 things to make with rhubarb:

1. Rhubarb Crumble Ice Cream: The crumble’s a time-honoured classic, and scrumptious in its own right. Mix it with ice cream, and something truly wonderful happens. I combine Delia’s cheaty recipe with Hugh Fearnley-Whittingstall’s proper ice cream (minus the vanilla). It is immense.

2. Carl Legge’s Rhubarb Cake: I made this after seeing it on Carl’s excellent blog, Llyn Lines. When he posted the recipe, someone commented that it looked so good, they wanted to lick the screen. The vanilla essence, crystallized ginger and rhubarb combine delightfully to produce a genuine indulgence. Particularly good with a large dollop of custard.

3. Stewed Rhubarb on Muesli: The healthy one! My mum was forever stewing rhubarb when I was little, for us to have as ‘afters’ with custard. In an attempt to set myself for the day, I’ve taken to having some stewed fruit and natural yoghurt with muesli for brekkie. Rhubarb is by far my favourite.

4. Rhubarb Jam: I often raid my mum’s prolific patch to knock up some jam. Traditionally, this jam is mixed with ginger, but I don’t like to distract from the distinct rhubarb flavour, so have been leaving the ginger out. Goes great with an Easter hot cross bun.

5. Rhubarb and Custard Trifle: Like crumble, rhubarb and custard is a staple – so much so, there’s even a cartoon named after it. And a boiled sweet. However, add sponge cake, as HFW recommends, and suddenly you’ve got a super simple but tremendously tasty trifle.

There are loads and loads of other great recipes for rhubarb, and year-by-year I’m getting round to trying as many as possible. Anyone got any combos they love? Apparently rhubarb wine packs a punch, and I’ve heard great things about a rhubarb and custard cake.




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Welcome Bluebirds Into Your Landscape

I know it sounds silly, but somehow I feel like I’m a better person for having bluebirds nesting in my yard. If these brilliant icons of spring opt to spend time in my landscape, then I must be doing something right. If you, too, want to enjoy their company (and benefit from the penchant for munching on garden insect pests) it’s time to set up some bluebird houses.

Here are a few key considerations to keep in mind when constructing or purchasing a bluebird house.

  • The hole should be 1-1/2 inches in diameter. (No, bluebirds can’t measure, but larger holes will invite bluebird competitors.)
  • The birdhouse — also known as a nesting box — should open easily for cleaning.
  • It should have a waterproof roof and small holes in the bottom for drainage and air circulation.
  • Boxes should not have perches. The bluebirds don’t need them, and perches invite predator birds that damage eggs and hatchlings.
  • Wooden nesting boxes may be left unfinished. You can paint the outside if you like, but leave the wood bare on the inside.

Install the box on a 4- to 5-foot-tall post in an area with low-growing ground cover or mown grass. Ideally, it should be near a tree, so newly fledged birds have a place to perch. Mount the box on a predator-resistant post if you live in areas with raccoons or cats.




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